Bargaining Revision of Balance of Power Theory in Diplomatic Relations between Indonesia, Malaysia, China and the United States

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Ian Montratama Yanyan Mochamad Yani


This article is aim to critisize the theory of balance of power and offer alternative strategy. For more than three centuries, Balance of Power (BOP) theory has served as the core of Realist. However, for lesser state that were facing stronger rivaling alliance power, BOP theory only serves two strategy options: Balancing and Bandwagoning. Both solutions are not fit for neutral lesser states, which should raise the needs for a newly engineered third strategy – that can increase relative power of lesser state, but keep its political neutrality. The third strategy is named Bargaining by Authors – that relies on strategic partnerships as diplomatic instrument.

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MONTRATAMA, Ian; YANI, Yanyan Mochamad. Bargaining. Intermestic: Journal of International Studies, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 53-73, nov. 2017. ISSN 2503-443X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 mar. 2018. doi:
Research Article